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The Higgs "Boson"


 The Higgs "Boson"
topic by wwwdotcom - 07-05-2012, 05:58 PM - Boxden > The Faculty of Science




It's a boson: Higgs quest bears new particle | Reuters


(Reuters) - Scientists at Europe's CERN research center have found a new subatomic particle, a basic building block of the universe, which appears to be the boson imagined and named half a century ago by theoretical physicist Peter Higgs.

"We have reached a milestone in our understanding of nature," CERN director general Rolf Heuer told a gathering of scientists and the world's media near Geneva on Wednesday.

"The discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs boson opens the way to more detailed studies, requiring larger statistics, which will pin down the new particle's properties, and is likely to shed light on other mysteries of our universe."

Two independent studies of data produced by smashing proton particles together at CERN's Large Hadron Collider produced a convergent near-certainty on the existence of the new particle.

It is unclear that it is exactly the boson Higgs foresaw, which by bestowing mass on other matter helps explain the way the universe was ordered after the chaos of Big Bang.

But addressing scientists a$sembled in the CERN auditorium, Heuer posed them a question: "As a layman, I would say I think we have it. Would you agree?" A roar of applause said they did.

For some, there was no doubt the Higgs boson is found: "It's the Higgs," said Jim Al-Khalili of Surrey University, a British physicist and popular broadcaster. "The announcement from CERN is even more definitive and clear-cut than most of us expected.

"Nobel prizes all round."

Higgs, now 83, from Edinburgh University was among six theorists who in the early 1960s proposed the existence of a mechanism by which matter in the universe gained mass. Higgs himself argued that if there were an invisible field responsible for the process, it must be made up of particles.

He and some of the others were at CERN to welcome news of what, to the embarrassment of many scientists, some commentators have labelled the "God particle", for its role in turning the Big Bang into an ordered universe. Clearly overwhelmed, his eyes welling up, Higgs told the symposium of fellow researchers: "It is an incredible thing that it has happened in my lifetime."

Scientists see confirmation of his theory as accelerating investigations into the still unexplained "dark matter" they believe pervades the universe and into the possibility of a fourth or more dimensions, or of parallel universes. It may help in resolving contradictions between their model of how the world works at the subatomic level and Einstein's theory of gravity.

END OF AN ERA

"It is very satisfying," Higgs told Reuters. "For me personally it's just the confirmation of something I did 48 years ago," he said of the achievement of the thousands who labored on the practical experimental work which had, finally, confirmed what he and others had described with mathematics.

"I had no expectation that I would still be alive when it happened," he said of the speed with which they found evidence.

"For physics, in one way, it is the end of an era in that it completes the Standard Model," he said of the basic theory physicists currently use to describe what they understand so far of a cosmos built from 12 fundamental particles and four forces.

CERN's Large Hadron Collider is the world's biggest and most powerful particle accelerator. Two beams of protons are fired in opposite directions around the 27-km (17-mile) looped pipe built under the Swiss-French border before smashing into each other.

The collisions, which mimic the moments just after the Big Bang, throw off debris signals picked up by a vast complex of detectors and the data is examined by banks of computers.

The two separate CERN teams worked independently through that data, hunting for tiny divergences which might betray the existence of the new boson, a class of particle that includes the photon, a$sociated with light. The class is named in honor of Albert Einstein's Indian collaborator Satyendra Nath Bose.

Both teams found strong signals of the new particle at around 125 to 126 gigaelectron volts (GeV) - a unit of mass-energy. That makes it some 130-140 times heavier than a proton.

Scientists struggling to explain the theory have likened Higgs particles to a throng of paparazzi photographers; the greater the "celebrity" of a passing particle, the more the Higgs bosons get in its way and slow it down, imparting it mass; but a particle such as a photon of light is of no interest to the paparazzi and passes through easily - a photon has no mass.

Presenting the results, Joe Incandela at CERN showed off two peaks on a graph of debris hitting the detectors, which he said revealed the hitherto unseen presence of the enigmatic particle. "That is what we are sure is the Higgs," a CERN scientist said.

LESS THAN ONE IN A MILLION

"It's a boson!" headlined Britain's Science and Technology Facilities Council in a statement on the role its researchers had played in the delivery of the "dramatic 5 sigma signal" for the existence of the long-sought particle.

Five sigma, a measure of probability reflecting a less than one in a million chance of a fluke in the data, is a widely accepted standard for scientists to agree the particle exists.

"The fact that both our teams have independently come to the same results is very powerful," Oliver Buchmueller, a senior physicist on one of the research teams, told Reuters.

"We know it is a new boson. But we still have to prove definitively that it is the one that Higgs predicted."

"If I were a betting man, I would bet that it is the Higgs. But we can't say that definitely yet. It is very much a smoking duck that walks and quacks like the Higgs. But we now have to open it up and look inside before we can say that it is indeed the Higgs."

Al-Khalili said the researchers' caution was extreme: "Cutting through all the jargon about sigmas and decay channels, the bottom line is that CERN have indeed discovered the Higgs boson," he said. "In my view, if it looks like the Higgs, smells like the Higgs and is exactly what we expected from the Higgs, then it's the Higgs."

UNIVERSAL THEORY

The Higgs theory explains how particles clumped together to form stars, planets and life itself. Without the Higgs boson, the universe would have remained a formless soup of particles shooting around at the speed of light, the theory goes.

It is the last undiscovered piece of the Standard Model that describes the fundamental make-up of the universe. The model is for physicists what the theory of evolution is for biologists.

What scientists do not yet know from the latest findings is whether the particle they have discovered is the Higgs boson as exactly described by the Standard Model. It could be a variant of the Higgs idea or an entirely new subatomic particle that could force a rethink on the fundamental structure of matter.

The last two possibilities are, in scientific terms, even more exciting.

Packed audiences of particle physicists, journalists, students and even politicians filled conference rooms in Geneva, London and a major physics conference in Melbourne, Australia, to hear the announcement.

Despite the excitement, physicists cautioned that there was still much to learn: "We have closed one chapter and opened another," said Peter Knight of Britain's Institute of Physics.

Paul Nurse, president of Britain's science academy The Royal Society, said: "This is a big day for science and for human achievement ... Today moves us a step closer to a fuller understanding of the very stuff of which the universe is made."

Higgs himself called it a great achievement for CERN's collider. Without it, his ideas would remain just a paper theory and he conceded that he personally was never cut out for laboratory experimentation: "I certainly did some lab work as a schoolboy in Bristol," he told Reuters. "I was incompetent."


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35 comments for "The Higgs "Boson""


 07-06-2012, 01:08 AMaway - #2
n3aGabitz 

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This is just awesome news really. So this week: 1st - Higgs Boson particle found, 2nd - Dark Matter detected ....next - Aliens!

Discuss.
 07-06-2012, 01:56 AMaway - #3
DannyStr8G 

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This article is poorly written and confusing but basically physicist found evidence of a creator that distinguishes how much matter is implemented into the universe. Its not 100 proven yet, but in the high 99%. All you atheists better re-think exactly how much you really know bc if there is a god, which physics can prove, you better repent.
 07-06-2012, 02:19 AMaway - #4
DAHNIC561 

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 07-06-2012, 04:25 AMaway - #5
Bkjj11 263 heat pts263

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lol dude take shots at atheiat.

#### yo god with a 13 inch dildo spiked lubed strap on.
 07-06-2012, 04:26 AMaway - #6
Bkjj11 263 heat pts263

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lol dude take shots at atheiat.

#### yo god with a 13 inch dildo spiked lubed strap on.
 07-06-2012, 05:13 AMaway - #7
Sco Dylan 

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Originally Posted by DannyStr8G
This article is poorly written and confusing but basically physicist found evidence of a creator that distinguishes how much matter is implemented into the universe. Its not 100 proven yet, but in the high 99%. All you atheists better re-think exactly how much you really know bc if there is a god, which physics can prove, you better repent.
You are a moron.

If anything, this is just another mark in the "no god" column.

The "god" column still has no marks.
 07-06-2012, 06:46 AMaway - #8
BeatTycoon 249 heat pts249

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Originally Posted by DannyStr8G
This article is poorly written and confusing but basically physicist found evidence of a creator that distinguishes how much matter is implemented into the universe. Its not 100 proven yet, but in the high 99%. All you atheists better re-think exactly how much you really know bc if there is a god, which physics can prove, you better repent.
 07-06-2012, 07:55 AMaway - #9
Da Ill One|M 3591 heat pts3591

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Originally Posted by DannyStr8G
This article is poorly written and confusing but basically physicist found evidence of a creator that distinguishes how much matter is implemented into the universe. Its not 100 proven yet, but in the high 99%. All you atheists better re-think exactly how much you really know bc if there is a god, which physics can prove, you better repent.
Physics can't prove #### about God...

Originally Posted by Sco Dylan
You are a moron.

If anything, this is just another mark in the "no god" column.

The "god" column still has no marks.
and the "God" column has ALOT more marks than the "No God" Column...
 07-06-2012, 11:17 AMaway - #10
WeBeRollin 2 heat pts

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these findings help with the origins of everything, which will definitely go against religious beliefs.

on the god side, no matter what you believe you can't prove/disprove god but if you back thinking on how everything works and was created you are left with god being the only possible choice.

science wins
 07-06-2012, 12:21 PMaway - #11
TheGame4705 21 heat pts21

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it is called the "god particle"
 07-06-2012, 12:33 PMaway - #12
panelas 31 heat pts31

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Originally Posted by TheGame4705
it is called the "god particle"
no its called the higgs boson, named after the man who came up with idea
 07-06-2012, 01:35 PMaway - #13
Da Ill One|M 3591 heat pts3591

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Originally Posted by WeBeRollin
these findings help with the origins of everything, which will definitely go against religious beliefs.

on the god side, no matter what you believe you can't prove/disprove god but if you back thinking on how everything works and was created you are left with god being the only possible choice.

science wins
God could have created this particle to breathe life into the universe...

Religion wins
 07-06-2012, 02:47 PMaway - #14
daliff89 1 heat pts

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Originally Posted by Da Ill One
God could have created this particle to breathe life into the universe...

Religion wins
It's more "religion changes so that it doesn't have to lose" than "religion wins" bro..

Religions say god created man in his image, not god created a particle that eventually created man
 07-06-2012, 03:07 PMaway - #15
Da Ill One|M 3591 heat pts3591

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Originally Posted by daliff89


It's more "religion changes so that it doesn't have to lose" than "religion wins" bro..

Religions say god created man in his image, not god created a particle that eventually created man
Maybe God is energy, and since humans are created out of energy and particles God did create us in his Image... God has manifested himself as a Burning Bush, a Bird and a few other inanimate objects...same for the devil...only way that's possible is if you were energy which can take on any form needed...


Again this proves nothing and Religion still wins...
 07-07-2012, 05:06 PMaway - #16
daliff89 1 heat pts

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Originally Posted by Da Ill One
Maybe God is energy, and since humans are created out of energy and particles God did create us in his Image... God has manifested himself as a Burning Bush, a Bird and a few other inanimate objects...same for the devil...only way that's possible is if you were energy which can take on any form needed...


Again this proves nothing and Religion still wins...
Then religion is still wrong because it doesn't say "god is energy"

You're just changing the definition of "god" to fit the newly presented evidence

That brings us back to the original point of "religion changes so it doesn't have to lose"
 07-07-2012, 08:10 PMaway - #17
KrayLay 

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Originally Posted by DannyStr8G
This article is poorly written and confusing but basically physicist found evidence of a creator that distinguishes how much matter is implemented into the universe. Its not 100 proven yet, but in the high 99%. All you atheists better re-think exactly how much you really know bc if there is a god, which physics can prove, you better repent.
You took the name "God particle" literally, huh? That's too bad.


Anyway, this is terribly exciting news. Wish I had a working knowledge of particle physics to appreciate it more.
 07-07-2012, 08:13 PMaway - #18
KrayLay 

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Originally Posted by Da Ill One
God could have created this particle to breathe life into the universe...

Religion wins
You really think the religious conception of God is what could have preceded the higgs boson? Why?
 07-08-2012, 11:15 AMaway - #19
wwwdotcom 8 heat pts

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This is intended to provide a scientific explanation of dark matter and the early origins of the galaxy.

* religion and science are two different subjects.
 07-10-2012, 08:37 AMaway - #20
*Missy* 5 heat pts

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Originally Posted by DannyStr8G
This article is poorly written and confusing but basically physicist found evidence of a creator that distinguishes how much matter is implemented into the universe. Its not 100 proven yet, but in the high 99%. All you atheists better re-think exactly how much you really know bc if there is a god, which physics can prove, you better repent.
I agree. So it wasn't just me lol, even though the only subatomic particles I know about are simple electrons and protons, I could tell this wasn't a well structured article on the new discovery.


I thought reading the comments would help and actually talk about the article,but it turned into a atheist vs God believer war zone as always on boxden
 
 


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