Boxden hiphop sports wild'ish games movies news eyecandy tech gear rides
trending now most viewers #top20 top yesterday all sections videos pics tracks headlines

Dec 27 - EPA faces big decisions on U.S. fracking boom

most watched this minute | see more
most viewed right now
180 viewing
 Video inside When you support your girl even when she wont even look at you...
58 comments
@hiphop
most viewed right now
163 viewing
 Video inside Nicki Minaj Calls Out Miley Cyrus Real Or Fake
70 comments
@hiphop
most viewed right now
130 viewing
 Aug 30 - Scienctists Proves Consciousness Moves To Another Universe At Death
222 comments
@news
most viewed right now
115 viewing
 Kanye West gives mad akward but legendary speech
36 comments
@hiphop
people viewing this topic:   (0 members and 1 guests)
 

let em know » Share this on TwitterShare this on Facebook
 Dec 27 - EPA faces big decisions on U.S. fracking boom
Unread 3 years agoclass of '05 - away - #1
366 pageviews
1 comments


bobbysteels18 553 heat pts553 space
avatar space
The World is your's
space
$6,404 | POWERFUL
EPA faces big decisions on U.S. fracking boom


NEW YORK (Reuters) - The past four years of U.S. environmental regulation was marked by a crackdown on emissions that angered coal miners and power companies. Over the next four, the new head of the Environmental Protection Agency will have to decide whether to take on an even larger industry: Big Oil.
Following Lisa Jackson's resignation on Wednesday, her successor will inherit the tricky task of regulating a drilling boom that has revolutionized the energy industry but raised fears over the possible contamination of water supplies.
The controversial technique at the center of the boom, hydraulic fracturing, involves injecting millions of gallons of water laced with chemicals deep into shale rocks to extract oil and gas. It has become a flashpoint issue, putting the EPA -- charged with safeguarding the nation's water -- in the middle of a f!ght between environmentalists and the energy industry.
Both sides now eagerly await a major EPA research project into fracking's effects on water supplies due in 2014, as well as final rules on issues including the disposal of wastewater and the use of 'diesel' chemicals in the process.
It is unclear who will take the role, but the incoming chief may have a "huge impact" on the oil and gas industry, says Robert McNally, a White House energy adviser during the George W. Bush administration who now heads the Rapidan Group, a consulting firm.
On the one hand, energy industry and big manufacturers are warning the EPA not to impede a drilling boom that offers the promise of decades' worth of cheap energy. Meanwhile, environmentalists are pressing President Barack Obama to ensure the drilling bonanza is not endangering water resources.
"This administration clearly needs contributors to economic growth for its economic legacy as much as it needs to add to its environmental legacy," said Bruce Bullock of the Maguire Energy Institute at Southern Methodist University in Dallas.
"This appointment could be key in seeing which of those two legacies is more important."
There are many contenders for the role, but no clear front-runner as yet. But Obama is unlikely to win Congressional approval for a heavy-handed regulator, and there is no suggestion of a stringent crackdown.
Even Jackson, who suffered withering criticism from big industry and Republicans for her efforts to curb pollution and limit greenhouse gas emissions, has cautiously condoned the practice as safe, while acknowledging the need for greater study and, in some cases, oversight.
"(Fracking technology) is perfectly capable of being clean," Jackson said in February. "It requires smart regulation, smart rules of the road."
Jackson's successor may now be charged with refining those rules, and both energy companies and fracking critics are anxious about the outcome.
Industry body Independent Petroleum a.ssociation of America said the EPA has "hindered development" of oil and gas for four years, and looks forward to a new chief who will promote energy drilling "hand in hand" with environmental regulation.
Executive director of the Sierra Club environmental group Michael Brune says the EPA has "unfinished business" in addressing things such as the release of methane emissions during fracking.
APPETITE TO REGULATE
Some analysts say Obama will not risk the economic stimulus of cheaper, domestic energy by pushing for tougher regulations. The oil sector is one of the few bright spots in the U.S. economy; natural gas prices are near their lowest in a decade, a boon for manufacturers, and U.S. oil output is the highest in 18 years.
"Even before (Jackson's resignation) there didn't seem to be much of an appetite in the White House to regulate shale drilling on a federal level in the next couple of years," says Nitzan Goldberger, U.S. energy policy analyst with Eurasia Group.
But big drillers such as ExxonMobil and Chesapeake who have plowed billions of dollars into shale fields are watching carefully for any sign of new rules or oversight that could drive up costs, or limit access.
While fracking technology has been around for decades, it has only gained widespread use across dozens of states in recent years. The EPA, like many groups, has struggled to keep up with the expansion, according to Government Accountability Office reports released earlier this year.
After years in which states were mostly responsible for regulating onshore drilling, the new EPA administrator will be pressed to take a more central role. A Gallup poll this year showed drinking water contamination is the leading environmental concern among Americans.
A year ago, in the first U.S. government report of its kind, the EPA drew a potential link between water contamination in rural Pavillion, Wyoming and fracking, based on samples of ground water from the area. That study has been contested, and subsequent research has been inconclusive.
A firmer word on the impact may not emerge until 2014, when the EPA is expected to release the first exhaustive in-depth government study on the long-term effects of fracking on drinking water, commissioned by Congress over two years.
DIESEL, WASTEWATER AND FLARING
The debate rages over a diverse range of issues.
While fracking was exempted from the Federal Clean Water Act in 2005, operations that used diesel fuel, which contains a number of toxic chemical compounds, were not exempted.
However, what exactly constitutes "diesel" has been a bone of contention among oil firms and environmental groups.
"The question is how to define "diesel" - broadly or narrowly," says consultant McNally.
"It's a big issue especially for Bakken producers," he said, referring to the region of North Dakota where crude oil output has more than tripled in two years.
The EPA published a draft definition in May, which met with criticism from the industry and some legislators, but it will fall to the new administrator to set a final definition.
Under Jackson, the EPA also said it would begin to regulate the millions of gallons a day of wastewater that is withdrawn from wells after the fracking process, probably in 2014. This is usually trucked offsite and sometimes re-injected elsewhere, although increasingly it is being reprocessed for further use.
And eventually, the EPA could face pressure to backtrack on previous initiatives. In April, the agency relented to pressure from the industry, giving drillers until January 2015 to end the practice of "flaring" excess natural gas from wells that were not connected to pipelines. It had initially proposed that firms cease almost immediately.
For Jackson's successor, a central question is whether the EPA takes a broader role in the industry, or, as Jackson hinted a year ago, allows state officials to call most the shots when it comes to drilling:
"It's not to say that there isn't a federal role, but you can't start to talk about a federal role without acknowledging the very strong state role."



After Jackson, EPA faces big decisions on U.S. fracking boom - Yahoo! News
Reply With Quote

top in section
26 viewing
Image inside Rihanna In A Bikini At The Pool In Barbados
12 comments
top in eyecandy/24hrs
top in section
16 viewing
Article inside Zac Efron's We Are Your Friends Worst Opening Of All Time In 2,000+ Theaters With $1.8M
33 comments
top in movies/24hrs

Unread 3 years agoclass of '07 - away - #2
CadillacVyse 606 heat pts606 space
avatar space
Senior Member
space
$20,056 | POWERFUL
This will be the biggest source of economic boom in the country. This is a tough one. They could hand more power to the states.

But we've seen states put forth measures to hinder citizens if it does pollute. Passing measures to make it harder to prosecute these corporations, and gag orders on doctors about ailments caused by contamination.
Reply With Quote
 
Home > all sections > BX Daily Bugle
  
    
          join bx

 


that hot ish yesterday


most viewed right now
86 viewing
Image inside George Zimmerman...
198 comments
2 days ago
@wild'ish
most viewed right now
37 viewing
Video inside Well Damn! Real Evidence Virginia Shooting Was A HOAX!!!
433 comments
1 day ago
@misc
most viewed right now
24 viewing
Image inside French Montanas Father Revealed
29 comments
1 day ago
@hiphop
most viewed right now
19 viewing
Video inside The Flying Man
42 comments
1 day ago
@movies
most viewed right now
16 viewing
Michael B. Jordan Moves Past ‘Fantastic Four’ Flop With New Comic Book Movie
40 comments
2 days ago
@movies
most viewed right now
12 viewing
Video inside How to Stop Calvin Johnson in Madden 16
58 comments
1 day ago
@games
most viewed right now
10 viewing
Video inside Kanye West Yeezy Boost 350 All White (FIRE)!!!
6 comments
1 day ago
@gear
most viewed right now
10 viewing
NFL Preseason Week 3: Oakland Raiders Vs. Arizona Cardinals 5:00 PST
365 comments
1 day ago
@sports
^
contact us   |   bx@twitter   |   bx@facebook   |   privacy   |   search   |  © BX 1998-end of time